Why Should I Exfoliate?
Having been a registered nurse for over 14 years, and the last 4 years in aesthetic medicine, Abby Borbon-Roaquin is now a manager and clinician at Ulan Medical Spa in San Diego, California. Here, she explains the process of exfoliation and how it is done both in medical spas and at home.
A natural process through which dead skin cells are replaced, and the new skin underneath is exposed, is called exfoliation. In most cases, it happens every five weeks. However, our skin doesn’t exfoliate as quickly as we were younger; we need to boost the process. If you don’t exfoliate your skin, the dead skin buildup can make it look dull and give it an uneven texture, accentuate lines and wrinkles, clog your pores, and make you more prone to acne. Most of the problems can be solved by exfoliation; it can smooth the skin’s texture and promote skin turnover.
Exfoliation Treatment includes two kinds of methods, in mechanical way and in chemical way, respectively.
Microdermabrasion is an example of mechanical exfoliation. It uses either fine aluminumoxide crystals or a diamond-tipped head to abrade the skin gently as the tip planes across with a slight vacuuming action. It is a quick procedure designed to remove dead skin cells.
Chemical peel is an example of chemical exfoliation. It is a procedure that uses a chemical solution causing the outer layers of damaged skin to peel off. By selecting the type of acid, the amount of time your skin is exposed, and the number of layers applied, the treatment can be customized according to your goals and needs. Usually, glycolic acids and trichloroacetic acids are used for anti-aging and pigment problems, and salicylic acids are for acne-prone skin.